With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
Eva Noble, Senior Research Officer, Women for Women International
Laurie Adams, CEO, Women for Women International
Nathanael Goldberg, Social Protection Program Director, Innovations for Poverty Action
Katharine McKee, Executive Director, Partnership for Economic Inclusion
Linda Scott, Emeritus DP World Chair for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, University of Oxford and Founder, DoubleXEconomy
Nancy Lee, Senior Policy Fellow, Center for Global Development
How can interventions best address the needs of the world’s poorest women? Evidence suggests that bundled services offer a viable pathway out of poverty. The graduation approach combines elements of social protection, livelihood development, and access to finance to move highly vulnerable households into sustainable livelihoods and economic stability. Rigorous evaluations of graduation approaches show positive sustained impacts on economic growth and household welfare. However, many of these studies do not show significant impacts on women’s empowerment even though many graduation programs have majority female participants.
This event, co-hosted with Women for Women International, will bring together experts to explore graduation approaches and women’s empowerment, identify gaps in the current evidence base, and highlight Women for Women International’s gendered graduation approach and research agenda.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"