Medium-Term Solutions for Rohingya Refugees and Hosts in Bangladesh

Bangladesh provides a significant global public good by hosting over one million Rohingya refugees. Most are living in camps in Cox’s Bazar District, where local resources and livelihoods are already strained. Safe, voluntary, and sustainable Rohingya repatriation to Myanmar is ultimately the best solution. However, the conditions for return currently do not exist, and Myanmar has not demonstrated meaningful progress toward establishing them. Even if conditions did exist and voluntary repatriation began tomorrow, estimates show a large number of Rohingya will still be in Cox’s Bazar 10 years from now. While the international community must maintain maximum pressure on Myanmar to ensure accountability and conditions for return, it should also engage in medium-term planning given the likelihood of protracted displacement.

CGD’s MDHP team has been working with local and international partners to understand what that medium-term response could look like. In particular, we focus on what the “responsibility-sharing” role of the international community could be, in terms of humanitarian, development, and environmental commitments. Over a series of publications, covering forest and landscape restoration, trade, private sector investment, labor mobility, and policy reforms to benefit refugees and host communities, we outline the steps that could be taken to develop a medium-term plan for Bangladesh, to benefit refugees and host communities.


Tackling the Realities of Protracted Displacement: Case Studies on What's Working and Where We Can Do Better

A medium-term strategy for Bangladesh

Why Bangladesh Needs a Refugee Compact and Three Ideas to Make it Happen

New Opportunities for Bangladeshi Citizens and Rohingya Refugees: A Refugee Compact for Bangladesh

A Bangladesh Compact: Beyond Aid Solutions for Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities

The Rohingya Crisis: Bangladesh Deserves a Win-Win Solidarity Compact

Two Years On, and No End in Sight: How Should We Respond to the Rohingya Crisis in the Medium-Term?

Moving Beyond the Emergency: A Whole of Society Approach to the Refugee Response in Bangladesh

The Rohingya Response: Shifting to a Whole of Society Approach that Benefits All

[Final Report]: Designing a Medium-Term Response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis: Ideas for Bangladesh, the International Community, and the Private Sector


Toward Medium-Term Solutions for Rohingya Refugees and Hosts in Bangladesh: Mapping Potential Responsibility-Sharing Contributions

Close to Home: The Role of Regional Partners in Advancing Medium-Term Solutions for Rohingya Refugees and Hosts in Bangladesh


Flexible and Innovative Financing for Refugee Crises and Other 21st Century Challenges

Note to G7: Now Is the Time to Support Rohingyas and Their Hosts

Thematic pillars

Sexual and reproductive health

Making Sexual and Reproductive Health Services a Priority for Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities

Removing Barriers and Closing Gaps: Improving Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities

Two Ways Donors Can Improve Sexual and Reproductive Health for Rohingya Refugees and Hosts in Cox's Bazar

Forest landscape restoration

Steps Toward Forest Landscape Restoration in The Context of The Rohingya Influx: Creating Opportunities to Advance Environmental, Humanitarian, and Development Progress in Bangladesh

Creating Opportunities for Rohingya Refugees and Hosts Through Forest Landscape Restoration

Labor mobility

Sharing Responsibility for the Rohingya Crisis: What Role Can Labor Mobility Agreements Play?

Private Investment

How Business Can Invest in the Future of the Rohingya and Host Community in Bangladesh


Using Trade Preferences to Support Refugees and their Hosts