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The number of HIV-related deaths each year is falling globally, treatment is becoming more effective and cheaper, yet the rate of new infections is still too high to reach the UN’s goal of less than 500,000 new infections per year by 2020. CGD’s work on the economics of HIV introduced the concept of the AIDS transition—the point in time when the number of people living with the disease begins to fall. Our work also models the effects and implications of policies to reduce new infections and expand treatment.
We here at CGD tend to be critical of international agencies like WHO or the UNDP for establishing targets or guidelines without sufficient consideration of the impacts, for good and ill, of those guidelines in the affected countries. Such guidelines often apply standards more appropriate to rich countries and then pressure poor countries to behave as if they were rich.
Clear and rigorous evidence on the contributions of US global health programs is more important than ever, as the White House and lawmakers discuss and debate budgets and the future of US support to global health. Such information aids policymakers who must prioritize support to effective public health programs.