With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
Caroline Anstey, Chair, CGD Commercial Transparency Working Group
Nathaniel Heller, Executive Vice President, Results for Development
Charles Kenny, Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development
Georg Neumann, Senior Manager, Communications and Engagement, Open Contracting Partnership
Masood Ahmed, President, Center for Global Development
Every year, governments worldwide sign contracts worth trillions of dollars. Citizens should know what is in those contracts, so that they can hold governments accountable. They can only do so if the contracts are published. However, there are cases in which full publication of all the information in government contracts is against the public interest because it may reduce the quality or increase the price of procurements. To date, there is little guidance and very mixed practice regarding when it is in the public interest to publish or to redact information that is potentially commercially valuable.
The Center for Global Development Working Group on Commercial Confidentiality was convened last year to help fill that gap. The report of the Working Group presents ten principles around commercial transparency that build on the key concept that information should be kept confidential on the grounds of commercial sensitivity only when it is in the public interest to do so.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"