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The United States can play an important role inpromoting global development while simultaneously advancingAmerican interests and prosperity. Intellectual property (IP) rights, such as patents andcopyrights, provide protection against unauthorized copying andare therefore fundamental to creating a policy environmentconducive for innovation. But thisprotection creates challenges for developing countries by limiting access to needed products and by misaligningincentives for innovation. The next U.S. president should come down clearly in favor of a newpolicy that better balances public health needs in developingcountries with private incentives for innovative activities.