Liberia’s Debt Relief Party

July 02, 2010

This week, Liberians celebrated in the streets – faces painted, drums blaring, and dancing with abandon.  They’re not rejoicing over some recent triumph by the Liberian soccer team or a local festival.  The streets of Monrovia were overflowing because of debt relief.  That’s right, debt relief.  On Tuesday, Liberia secured nearly $5 billion in irrevocable debt relief from the World Bank, IMF, African Development Bank, and bilateral creditors.  It’s a massive sum – the equivalent of roughly $1200 for every man, woman, and child in Liberia.  As President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf stated, “today, ladies and gentlemen, is a day for us, as Liberians, to celebrate.”  And celebrate they did.   And so should we.

Liberian Debt Relief
Minister of Finance Ngafuan speaks at CGD's debt relief event as CGD's Ben Leo, the IMF’s John Lipsky, and Minister of Planning & Economic Affairs Konneh listen in.
Beyond celebrating Liberia’s monumental achievement, we also should take a step back and examine just how they did it.  On Wednesday, CGD was privileged to host two of Liberia’s leading stars in the debt relief drama – Finance Minister Augustine Ngafuan and Economy & Planning Minister Amara Konneh – along with a member of the IMF’s senior management, John Lipsky.  Their insightful remarks kept coming back to one central theme – the overriding importance of strong, responsible, and persistent political leadership.  President Sirleaf and her senior team knew the road would be long and rough.  But, they refused to give up and overcame each successive wave of seemingly insurmountable challenges.  Take two quick examples:
  • When the Sirleaf Administration assumed office in January 2006, it didn’t have a single computer, chair, desk, or paper clip.  The previous transitional government stole everything – bolted down or not.  And many civil servants hadn’t been paid in months – if not years.  Despite this, they found a way to mobilize enough expertise to secure an agreement the next year that cleared billions of dollars of loan arrears to World Bank, IMF, and other creditors.
  • Also, the Sirleaf Administration pushed through numerous controversial pieces of legislation in order to secure debt relief – such as establishing a new Anti-Corruption Commission – despite controlling only 10 percent of the Liberian Congress.  A truly tremendous display of courage and consensus building.
The path ahead for Liberia will remain uneven.  It continues to face massive challenges, such as high unemployment rates and poor infrastructure.  However, if the government remains determined and disciplined, they have good odds of successfully tackling these challenges one by one – just as they did with debt relief.


CGD blog posts reflect the views of the authors, drawing on prior research and experience in their areas of expertise. CGD is a nonpartisan, independent organization and does not take institutional positions.