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Shahid Yusuf, a CGD non-resident fellow and member of the Technology and Comparative Advantage Study Group, is Chief Economist of The Growth Dialogue at the George Washington University School of Business in Washington DC. In this episode of Sounds Robotic, we discuss his paper Automation, AI, and the Emerging Economies, a relatively pessimistic take on what future technologies might mean for global income convergence. Shahid argues that the old path to rapid growth—manufacturing export goods—is less and less of an option for poorer countries, and there isn’t a clear new path to replace it.