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Lots of speculation about which long-time autocrat might be toppled next and why [Zimbabwe, Cameroon, etc.] is not like [Egypt, Tunisia, etc.]. Our colleague Nic van de Walle has a terrific suggestion that 12 years is a sensible term limit for any leader. In Africa, even with Ben Ali and Mubarak gone, there are still plenty who have been in power more than 20 years. Here’s the list of who’s still standing (at least as of this morning):
CGD blog posts reflect the views of the authors, drawing on prior research and experience in their areas of expertise. CGD is a nonpartisan, independent organization and does not take institutional positions.
We study the impact of a multi-faceted social protection program, often referred to as a “graduation” model program, in Yemen during a period of civil unrest. After four years we find positive impacts on asset accumulation and savings behavior, albeit substantially less than the amount the household originally received.
Reforming inefficient and inequitable energy subsidies continues to be an important priority for policymakers as does instituting “green taxes” to reduce carbon emissions. The paper outlines how the use of digital technology can help accomplishing those reforms, drawing on four country cases. The technology is only a mechanism; it does not, in itself, create the political drive and constituency to push reform forward.