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CGD’s work in education focuses on the role education can play in building more equal and prosperous societies.
CGD’s education program focuses on broad welfare goals and seeks to understand the role education can play in addressing inequity. Despite the tremendous progress that has been made in getting girls and boys into school, education has not yet fulfilled its promise of being the great societal equalizer. Gender inequality remains acute and deeply rooted in the economic, political and social spheres in developing countries. Intergenerational mobility is declining, not increasing. Poor children get educated in bad schools where they do not acquire basic numeracy and literacy skills while rich children attend good schools.
Our research examines the mechanisms through which education can give children equal life opportunities and build the human capital that nations need to prosper.
Education is an end in itself, a human right, and a vital part of the capacity of individuals to lead lives they value. It gives people in developing countries the skills they need to improve their own lives and to help transform their societies. Women and men with better education earn more throughout their lives and participate more fully in the civic and political lives of their communities and countries. Particularly for women, education confers the skills and behaviors that lead to healthier lives. Education that reaches women, the poor, and marginalized ethnic groups not only benefits them directly; it contributes to a more equitable and just society.
This work quantifies how long it has taken countries rich and poor to make the transition towards high enrollments and gender parity. It finds that many countries that have not raised enrollments fast enough to meet the Millennium Development Goals have in fact raised enrollments extraordinarily rapidly by historical standards and deserve celebration rather than condemnation. The very few poor countries that have raised enrollment figures at the rates envisioned by the goals have done so in many cases by accepting dramatic declines in schooling quality, failing large numbers of students, or other practices that cast doubt on the sustainability or exportability of their techniques.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are unlikely to be met by 2015, even if huge increases in development assistance materialize. The rates of progress required by many of the goals are at the edges of or beyond historical precedent. Many countries making extraordinarily rapid progress on MDG indicators, due in large part to aid, will nonetheless not reach the MDGs. Unrealistic targets thus may turn successes into perceptions of failure, serving to undermine future constituencies for aid (in donors) and reform (in recipients). This would be unfortunate given the vital role of aid and reform in the development process and the need for long-term, sustained aid commitments.
This paper is part of the Copenhagen Consensus process, which aims to assess and evaluate the opportunities available to address the ten largest challenges facing the world. One of these ten challenges is the “lack of education.” This paper provides an analytical framework to evaluate the various options that can be used to address this issue.
CGD and JHU-SAIS will present a seminar with Jishnu Das, Development Research Group, World Bank. Shanta Devarajan, Chief Economist, South Asia Region, World Bank, and Maureen Lewis, Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development, served as discussants.
On Monday, January 28th, President Bush will deliver his final State of the Union address to Congress, the American people – and to a global audience seeking to understand American's priorities in the world. Find out what global issues are on the president's mind in his last year as president and the legacy he hopes to leave behind. Will he mention malaria, trade, poverty, climate change? Join us for an evening of State of the Union CGD Bingo—serious fun in an undisclosed location!
Reservations are required and seating is extremely limited. Dinner and drinks are on you--large screen television, lively discussion, CGD Bingo cards and prizes are on us!
Governments and donors are increasingly focused on the use of evidence in evaluating human development programs and setting policy priorities. This master class will provide early career researchers with cutting-edge methodological tools for experimental and quasi-experimental evaluation of early childhood development interventions. The course is intended for current PhD students and recent graduates whose doctoral work is focused on early childhood development, education, development economics, or public policy.
There are 26 million refugees worldwide, of whom half are children, and little rigorous evidence exists on what works to aid integration. Turkey is host to 1 million Syrian child refugees. Many face bullying, violence, and social exclusion in schools.
Two weeks ago, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for 2019 to Michael Kremer, together with Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”
Michael Kremer, a Professor of Economics at Harvard University and a non-resident fellow at the Center for Global Development, is a pioneer in the use of randomized controlled trials to answer key development questions in low- and middle-income countries. He has used experiments to learn how to improve education, health, water, and agriculture outcomes for the poor. Beyond his experimental work, Kremer helped develop the advance market commitment for vaccines to stimulate private investment in vaccine research and the distribution of vaccines for diseases in the developing world. He is the founding Scientific Director of Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) at USAID, which tests and scales creative solutions to development challenges.
In this event, Kremer will sit down with David Evans, Senior Fellow at CGD, to discuss the implications of the 2019 Nobel Prize for economics and development, as well as his wide array of initiatives. We will host an informal reception following the discussion.