With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
The 2014 Ebola outbreak demonstrated that deadly diseases do not respect international borders, and that the world is underprepared for the next such incident. In addition, the global spread of infections resistant to almost all known antibiotics underlines that safeguarding human health is a joint endeavor. Several governments have signed up to the Global Health Security Agenda to ensure better cooperation and preparedness. CGD assesses progress and obstacles and suggests how international agencies can ensure the world is ready to fight dangerous and widespread infections when, not if, they next emerge.
While some studies measure student involvement in educational activities during the crisis through phone-based surveys, the literature on assessing learning by phone is almost nonexistent, despite the fact that learning loss has major implications for school dropout and rising inequality. In this article, we draw on our pilot testing of phone-based assessments in Botswana, along with the existing literature on oral testing of reading and mathematics, to propose a series of preliminary principles to guide researchers and service providers as they try phone-based learning assessments.