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The Quality of Official Development Assistance (QuODA) is a powerful tool developed originally by CGD and the Brookings Institution to measure which donors provide “higher quality aid” and how they can improve. It provides an assessment of providers' efforts to comply with their commitments to dimensions of ODA quality that evidence and experience suggest lead to better development outcomes, focusing on factors over which development cooperation providers have control.
CGD launched the fifth edition of QuODA in 2021. The current edition is based on a framework of 17 indicators that account for the latest evidence and data on aid effectiveness. The indicators are grouped into four dimensions that broadly reflect best practices on aid quality: Prioritisation, Ownership, Transparency and Untying, and Evaluation. Thinking behind the current QuODA framework and list of indicators can be found in our working paper and methodology note.
The aim of QuODA is to increase the quality of aid by assessing and comparing donor performance against the commitments they have made to improving aid quality. QuODA intends to allow donors to assess their performance against peers on multiple dimensions of aid quality to engage in a dialog that improves the way aid is given. A full overview of the QuODA 2021 results are available on our web interface, which allows users to customise scores based on indicators or dimensions of interest.
The QuODA framework provides summary information in a quantitative fashion on donor efforts to improve aid effectiveness. The indicators used are all those that donors, aid agencies and academics have concluded are important for aid effectiveness. QuODA is not, however, a complete measure of aid effectiveness or impact. The results of aid depend on the combination of donor effort and the performance of recipient countries or other executors of aid programs, not just on the donor.
Are climate finance contributor countries, multilateral aid agencies and specialized funds using widely accepted best practices in foreign assistance? How is it possible to measure and compare international climate finance contributions when there are as yet no established metrics or agreed definitions of the quality of climate finance? As a subjective metric, quality can mean different things to different stakeholders, while of donor countries, recipients and institutional actors may place quality across a broad spectrum of objectives.
The Quality of Official Development Assistance (QuODA) measures donors’ performance on 31 indicators of aid quality to which donors have made commitments. The indicators are grouped into four dimensions associated with effective aid: maximizing efficiency, fostering institutions, reducing the burden on partner countries, and transparency and learning. The 2014 edition finds that donors are overall becoming more transparent and better at fostering partner country institutions but that there has been little progress at maximizing efficiency or reducing the burden on partner countries.
This report is the third edition of our effort to measure the quality of Official Development Assistance (ODA), now updated to use 2012 data—the most recent available—from the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).