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CGD and John Snow, Inc. (JSI) convened the conference HIV/AIDS in Africa: What Works to highlight successful strategies in response to the growing HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa. The conference provided evidence of successful programs currently being implemented and countered the perception that nothing can be done in the face of daunting circumstances. It identified key factors common to most success stories, which could help expand these successes into national and regional responses to the epidemic. We are delighted to see that the success factors identified in the conference are integral components of President Bush's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief that was signed into law in May.
For a full agenda of the conference, please click here (PDF).
For the conference summary report, please click here (PDF).
Panel Discussion: Evidence of Successful Programs Evidence from Uganda, Ethiopia, Zambia and South Africa suggests that risk behaviors and HIV prevalence are decreasing in certain populations. This session examined the factors contributing to this change by discussing successful interventions, challenges to service delivery, the impact of HIV/AIDS programs and implications for replication.
Panel Discussion: Foundation for an Expanded Response This session discussed the importance of human capital, infrastructure, management systems, and monitoring and evaluation in developing and implementing effective national responses. It will also highlighted the role of strong local, national and international leadership in building on HIV/AIDS programs that work.
Roundtable Discussion: Building on Success: Moving Towards a Comprehensive Response The conference culminated in a roundtable discussion that highlighted key lessons learned from the day's discussion and invited a select group of senior policymakers and HIV/AIDS experts to discuss how successful HIV/AIDS programs and the elements that support them can be developed into comprehensive strategies for combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Concluding Remarks Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development Nancy Birdsall offered concluding remarks about the AIDS epidemic in Africa and the lessons of the conference from the perspective of a development economist.
Now in its 4th year, the AIDF Africa Summit returns to Nairobi, Kenya on 26-27 February 2019, once again uniting 300+ humanitarian and development leaders, decision makers and advisors committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the region.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.
AidEx is a two day event, which encompasses a conference, exhibition, meeting areas, awards and workshops. Its fundamental aim is to engage the sector at every level and provide a forum for aid & development professionals to meet, source, supply and learn. AidEx was created to help the international aid and development community engage the private sector in a neutral setting, drive innovation and support the ever-growing need for emergency aid and development programmes.