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CGD and John Snow, Inc. (JSI) convened the conference HIV/AIDS in Africa: What Works to highlight successful strategies in response to the growing HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa. The conference provided evidence of successful programs currently being implemented and countered the perception that nothing can be done in the face of daunting circumstances. It identified key factors common to most success stories, which could help expand these successes into national and regional responses to the epidemic. We are delighted to see that the success factors identified in the conference are integral components of President Bush's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief that was signed into law in May.
For a full agenda of the conference, please click here (PDF).
For the conference summary report, please click here (PDF).
Panel Discussion: Evidence of Successful Programs Evidence from Uganda, Ethiopia, Zambia and South Africa suggests that risk behaviors and HIV prevalence are decreasing in certain populations. This session examined the factors contributing to this change by discussing successful interventions, challenges to service delivery, the impact of HIV/AIDS programs and implications for replication.
Panel Discussion: Foundation for an Expanded Response This session discussed the importance of human capital, infrastructure, management systems, and monitoring and evaluation in developing and implementing effective national responses. It will also highlighted the role of strong local, national and international leadership in building on HIV/AIDS programs that work.
Roundtable Discussion: Building on Success: Moving Towards a Comprehensive Response The conference culminated in a roundtable discussion that highlighted key lessons learned from the day's discussion and invited a select group of senior policymakers and HIV/AIDS experts to discuss how successful HIV/AIDS programs and the elements that support them can be developed into comprehensive strategies for combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Concluding Remarks Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development Nancy Birdsall offered concluding remarks about the AIDS epidemic in Africa and the lessons of the conference from the perspective of a development economist.
On the sidelines of the World Bank and IMF Spring Meetings 2019, the Center for Global Development (CGD) and the Bretton Woods Committee (BWC) will co-host this expert panel to discuss the future of the World Bank under its new president, David Malpass. What should top his agenda? What are the most important and urgent issues in the development landscape and what is the role of the World Bank in addressing these challenges? Join us to hear from this panel of global thought leaders offering recommendations for the future of the multilateral system.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"