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Health systems in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia --a s in other African countries -- face major challenges that have hampered the provision of health services for decades. But in recent years they have received renewed attention, as large sums of AIDS money flow into the countries from global donors. Global AIDS donors, including the three biggest ones -- PEPFAR, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the World Bank’s Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program for Africa -- are engaged in a large-scale experiment with global health aid. As that experiment unfolds, participants and observers debate a key question: is AIDS money strengthening national health systems? Or is it weakening them by establishing heavily resourced systems focused on combating a single disease?
As part of the XVII International AIDS Conference in Mexico City, the Center for Global Development addressed these issues in a two-part panel discussion on How are HIV/AIDS donors interacting with national health systems? The satellite event, held Wednesday, August 6th, 2008 in Session Room 5 of Centro Banamex, featured Nandini Oomman, CGD senior program associate and project director for the HIV/AIDS Monitor Initiative and was moderated by J. Stephen Morrison, the Executive Director of the HIV/AIDS Task Force and Director of the Africa Program at Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Oomman presented a new paper from CGD’s HIV/AIDS Monitor which investigates how AIDS programs interact with three particular components of the health system: the health information system, the supply chain system, and human resources for health.
The first panel of this event included Dirce Costa, Mozambique Principal Investigator, HIV/AIDS Monitor and Development Economist, Austral-COWI Consulting; William Okedi, Field Director, HIV/AIDS Monitor, Center for Global Development; and Freddie Ssengooba, Uganda Principal Investigator, HIV/AIDS Monitor and Lecturer, Makerere University School of Public Health. The second panel included Ambassador Mark Dybul, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and PEPFAR Administrator; Michel Kazatchkine, Executive Director, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; and Debrework Zewdie, Director, Global HIV/AIDS Programs, World Bank Human Development Network.
In this new World Bank Policy Research Report, Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets, Çağlar Özden attempts to address the tension between the academic research and the public discourse on migration by focusing on the economic evidence. The report suggests a labor market–oriented, economically motivated rationale as an alternative to the political opposition to migration. Global migration patterns lead to high concentrations of immigrants in certain places, industries, and occupations. These geographic and labor market concentrations of immigrants lead to increased anxiety, insecurity, and potentially significant short-term disruptions among native-born workers.
Understanding (and empathizing with) these legitimate economic concerns is critical to informed and effective policymaking. The goal should be to ease the costs of short-term dislocations of native-born workers and distribute more widely the economic benefits generated by labor mobility. Proactive interventions to ease the pain and share the gain from immigration are essential to avoid draconian restrictions on immigration that will hurt everybody. Ignoring the massive economic gains of immigration would be akin to leaving billions of hundred-dollar bills on the sidewalk.
Industrialization was never an accident but an outcome of a well- crafted industrial policy. Analyzing the capacity and limits of the (developmental) state in the industrialization process and in economic development in general, Murat Yülek’s new book, How Nations Succeed: Manufacturing, Trade, Industrial Policy, and Economic Development, sheds light on how today’s governments can design industrial policy and how they can identify strategic sectors to break out of Low and Middle Income Traps. Explaining technical concepts in understandable terms, the book introduces a stylized industrialization process in four stages and locates different countries on the process map. He illustrates how picking-the-winner type industrial policies –a controversial issue among the economists –have worked in different countries. It also discusses how industrial policy and science, technology and innovation policies should be sequenced for best results. As trade wars and (pre-mature) de-industrialization become the zeitgeist of today, the book shows the links between global (im)balances and economic development explaining export-led growth as well as import-led slowdowns.
On the sidelines of the World Bank and IMF Spring Meetings 2019, the Center for Global Development (CGD) and the Bretton Woods Committee (BWC) will co-host this expert panel to discuss the future of the World Bank under its new president, David Malpass. What should top his agenda? What are the most important and urgent issues in the development landscape and what is the role of the World Bank in addressing these challenges? Join us to hear from this panel of global thought leaders offering recommendations for the future of the multilateral system.