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Health systems in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia --a s in other African countries -- face major challenges that have hampered the provision of health services for decades. But in recent years they have received renewed attention, as large sums of AIDS money flow into the countries from global donors. Global AIDS donors, including the three biggest ones -- PEPFAR, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the World Bank’s Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program for Africa -- are engaged in a large-scale experiment with global health aid. As that experiment unfolds, participants and observers debate a key question: is AIDS money strengthening national health systems? Or is it weakening them by establishing heavily resourced systems focused on combating a single disease?
As part of the XVII International AIDS Conference in Mexico City, the Center for Global Development addressed these issues in a two-part panel discussion on How are HIV/AIDS donors interacting with national health systems? The satellite event, held Wednesday, August 6th, 2008 in Session Room 5 of Centro Banamex, featured Nandini Oomman, CGD senior program associate and project director for the HIV/AIDS Monitor Initiative and was moderated by J. Stephen Morrison, the Executive Director of the HIV/AIDS Task Force and Director of the Africa Program at Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Oomman presented a new paper from CGD’s HIV/AIDS Monitor which investigates how AIDS programs interact with three particular components of the health system: the health information system, the supply chain system, and human resources for health.
The first panel of this event included Dirce Costa, Mozambique Principal Investigator, HIV/AIDS Monitor and Development Economist, Austral-COWI Consulting; William Okedi, Field Director, HIV/AIDS Monitor, Center for Global Development; and Freddie Ssengooba, Uganda Principal Investigator, HIV/AIDS Monitor and Lecturer, Makerere University School of Public Health. The second panel included Ambassador Mark Dybul, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and PEPFAR Administrator; Michel Kazatchkine, Executive Director, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; and Debrework Zewdie, Director, Global HIV/AIDS Programs, World Bank Human Development Network.
Technological advances in fields such as artificial intelligence and automation have the potential to fundamentally alter prevailing economic trends. While the effects of these changes are the subject of great debate in the developed world, less discussed has been how they will impact the developing world. Speakers will explore what emerging technologies mean for both the traditional models of development and the future of job creation in developing countries.
The Center for Global Development and the LSE-Oxford Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development will co-host a conversation with David Cameron, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Donald Kaberuka, High Representative on the African Union Peace Fund, distinguished visiting fellow at CGD, and former President of the African Development Bank, and Jennifer Widner, professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and a member of the Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development, to discuss the need for a new global approach to state fragility. The Fragility Commission, which Cameron and Kaberuka chair, will be launching its report, Escaping the Fragility Trap, which makes the case for urgent action and outlines recommendations for how domestic and international actors can do things differently.
One-quarter of the world’s school-age children live in East Asia and the Pacific. In the past 50 years, some economies in the region have successfully transformed themselves by investing in the knowledge, skills, and abilities of their workforce. Through policy foresight, they have produced graduates with new levels of knowledge and skills almost as fast as industries have increased their demand for them. Yet, tens of millions of students in the region are in school but not learning. In fact, as many as 60 percent of students remain in systems that are struggling to escape the global learning crisis or in systems where performance is likely poor.
Since the early 2000s, Latin America has become increasingly integrated with the global economy, liberalizing trade and opening its capital account. These initiatives were prompted by the assumption that advanced economies would not impose barriers to the cross-border movement of goods and services. But today, a rising wave of protectionism not seen since the Great Depression challenges this assumption.
With this new reality as the backdrop, the Latin American Committee on Macroeconomic and Financial Issues (CLAAF) will be meeting in Washington, DC to discuss how to tackle these emerging global economic challenges. Members of this committee include former finance ministers, former central bank governors, and other high-level economic officials and academics from across Latin America.
Some of the world’s poorest countries run the risk of building up a debt pile too high for their economies to support, according to the latest IMF report. The Center for Global Development will host the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to discuss the causes for the debt build up and possible ways forward at the launch of Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) – 2018. This is the fourth annual report in a series by the IMF that looks at trends and socioeconomic indicators of LIDCs.
Former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf will join the Center for Global Development's Board member Tony Fratto to discuss her experience as president and lessons learned from Liberia’s relationship with development partners.
Join the Center for Global Development for a conversation with New York Times' columnist Nicholas Kristof. Fresh from a reporting trip to the Central African Republic with the winner of CGD’s and the New York Times’ “Win a Trip” contest, Kristof will discuss new and emerging humanitarian and global development challenges, the importance of journalism, and how to create and support the next generation of development journalists and practitioners. Too often, “development” is an abstract, faceless concept. At its best, journalism can bridge this gap and reveal the many millions affected by global poverty and inequality. In his columns, Nicholas Kristof puts a human lens on the stories of those who benefit from and work in global development, and the challenges they face.