With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
Liliana Rojas-Suarez, President, CLAAF; Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development Guillermo Calvo, Professor, Columbia University; Former Chief Economist, IDB Pedro Carvalho de Mello, Professor, Universidade de São Paulo; Former Commissioner of Comissão de Valores Mobiliários Brazil Guillermo Chapman, Former Minister of Planning and Economic Policy, Panama; Chairman and CEO of INDESA, Panama Roque Fernandez, Professor, Universidad del CEMA, Buenos Aires; Former Minister of Finance, Argentina Pablo Guidotti, Dean, School of Government, Universidad Torcuato di Tella; Former Vice-Minister of Finance, Argentina Guillermo Perry, Visiting Professor, Harvard Kennedy School; Former Minister of Finance, Colombia
Large accumulation of international reserves by Latin American countries was central in containing the adverse effects of the global financial crisis. Lines of credit from the Federal Reserve and the new liquidity facility from the IMF also played a key role, at least for some major countries. However, reserve accumulation is not free of cost, Fed support is not guaranteed and IMF resources might not be sufficient at times of systemic crises and may carry conditionality that make such assistance only contingent. This raises the question as to whether Latin America should actively pursue the effective implementation of regional arrangements capable of ensuring the availability of liquidity at times of acute financial stress. The Latin America Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee will deal with this issue by answering these questions, among others, and their statement will be shared publicly at this CGD event:
Should regional financial integration be further and actively enhanced? What are the sensible options?
Is a Latin American Monetary Fund desirable? Is it viable? How would it operationally work?
What are the economic and financial pre-conditions for a regional monetary fund to be operational, effective and sustainable? Does Latin America meet these conditions?
Are there incentives for cooperation among Latin American countries that can potentially overcome the sharp political divide in the region?
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.
AidEx is a two day event, which encompasses a conference, exhibition, meeting areas, awards and workshops. Its fundamental aim is to engage the sector at every level and provide a forum for aid & development professionals to meet, source, supply and learn. AidEx was created to help the international aid and development community engage the private sector in a neutral setting, drive innovation and support the ever-growing need for emergency aid and development programmes.