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Effective development cooperation by Governments; the economics & developmental impact of policies including trade, agriculture, environment; education & social mobility; and disease risk management
Ian Mitchell is a senior fellow and the director of development cooperation in Europe at the Center for Global Development. He leads CGD’s work in Europe on how governments’ policies accelerate or inhibit development and poverty reduction—considering both the effectiveness of aid and policies beyond aid including trade, migration, environment, and security. He is also an associate fellow at Chatham House and at the Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Mitchell has expertise in the economics and developmental impact of including on trade, agriculture, and policy development in the EU and G20. He leads the annual Commitment to Development Index (CDI) and the Quality of Official Development Assistance (QuODA). Recently, he has developed new measures of how agriculture and trade policies affect lower income countries; identified new metrics of aid effectiveness; and developed new approaches to the UK’s development policy post-Brexit.
Until 2016, Mitchell worked as an economist and senior civil servant in the UK government. At the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), he was Deputy Chief Economist and was responsible for economic analysis on EU, agricultural and environmental issues. Between 2014 and 2015, he chaired the Agricultural Markets Information System established by the G20 to mitigate global food commodity volatility. At DEFRA, Mitchell was also responsible for the UK’s economic analysis on food & resource security and animal disease risk & outbreaks.
Earlier in his career, Mitchell undertook economic analysis on education and social mobility at the UK Department for Education. He led the evaluation of higher education reform including the introduction of tuition fees and researched on social mobility in the UK using both income and broader measures of well-being. Mitchell’s career began at Ernst and Young and has also included roles at HM Treasury and the Centre for Economics and Business Research.
Agricultural subsidies are almost a complete waste of money, go to the wealthiest in society, and are also damaging to global development. With a Green Paper expected on agriculture in the coming weeks, how can the UK do better after Brexit?
The UK Government has today published a white paper on its broad approach to Brexit—what ’s missing though is a commitment to developing countries on the UK’s trade policy. Having emphasised trade at the heart of its economic strategy on international development, it now needs to commit to providing “duty free quota free” access for developing countries, or risk damaging investment and trade over the next two years and beyond.
This paper looks at how the UK can, after Brexit, develop a world-leading trade for development policy. It uses a systematic assessment of how rich country trade policies affect developing countries to identify the leading approaches used elsewhere. It then identifies and describes four key steps: i) eliminating or lowering tariffs; ii) improving preferential access for the very poorest countries; iii) cutting red tape at the border; and iv) enhancing the effectiveness of its aid for trade. These steps would enable the UK to improve substantially on the approach taken by the EU and other countries, benefit UK consumers and businesses, and set a new standard in trade policy for development.
While the UK negotiates its exit from the EU, the EU will be negotiating over its own budget for the period from 2020-2026 as part of the Multi-Annual Financial Framework. So, where will EU development aid be a quarter of the way through the 21st century?
The EU faces a substantial drop in its development resources following Brexit. Still, the amount will depend on how “hard” that exit is, and the UK’s ongoing involvement in voluntary EU-level arrangements. Here we assess the potential size of the Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) funding drop that EU institutions could face.
Commitment to Development Index Ranks World’s Richest Countries on How Well Their Domestic Policies Improve Lives in the Developing World
Center for Global Development
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WASHINGTON – Today, the Center for Global Development announced that Sweden claimed the #1 spot in the Commitment to Development Index, which ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries by how well their policies help improve lives in the developing world.
The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) is released annually by the Center for Global Development. It is a quantitative, broad based analytical tool that measures contributions in seven policy areas: aid (both quantity as a share of national income, and quality), finance, technology, environment, trade, security, and migration. Within each component, countries are measured on how their domestic policies and actions support poor countries in their efforts to build prosperity, good governance, and security.
“Good development policy is about much more than foreign aid,” said Masood Ahmed, the president of the Center for Global Development. “While aid is important, policymakers in rich countries need to assess all the ways their choices, from refugee policies to intellectual property rights, help or hinder developing countries.”
In this year’s Index, Sweden edged out Denmark (which led the index last year). Sweden’s top performance was driven by excellent scores on foreign aid, environment, trade, and migration. It also led all 27 countries in the migration ranking, with a high share of refugees and strong policies to help integrate migrants.
You can view the full 2018 rankings at www.cgdev.org/cdi.
“Domestic policies can have a major impact on other nations around the world – both intended and not,” said Ian Mitchell, a senior fellow and the report’s author. “Sweden sets a great example on its approach to environment and has migration policies that benefit migrants, Sweden, and developing nations alike, but Sweden’s work isn’t finished. As new global challenges emerge, we hope Sweden will continue to put in place domestic policies that improve outcomes in the developing world.”
Other findings from this year’s results include:
For the first time a G-7 country, Germany, clinched a place in the top three, overtaking France and just behind the Nordic powerhouses Sweden and Denmark.
The U.S. ranked 23rd in this year’s Index, while European countries dominate the top spots.
Australia surged up 4 spots in this year’s Index.
The Netherlands takes the top spot in the trade rankings, and Japan rises 10 slots.
Learn more about the rankings and how countries performed at www.cgdev.org/cdi.
About the Methodology: The CDI is transparent about its method and data, with full details available at www.cgdev.org/cdi. All the data and calculations are published with full sources in a series of spreadsheets. The CDI uses an updated methodology each year, making improvements in the way we measure how policy impacts development. Year on year changes reported above can reflect new data, or an improved method, or both.
Contact: Sean Bartlett Center for Global Development firstname.lastname@example.org +1.202.821.2947
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Sweden takes top spot; France, Norway, UK, Germany finish out top 5
Turkey, South Africa, Chile demonstrate growing influence
US, China: Large gap between economy size, development funds made available
LONDON – The Center for Global Development (CGD) released the 17th edition of its Commitment to Development Index (CDI) Thursday, which measures and compares how effectively countries–relative to their economy size–support development in other countries. Central to the CDI is the importance of national policies that go beyond just foreign aid, grouped in seven components: Development Finance; Investment, Migration, Trade, Environment, Security, and Technology.
CDI 2020 also incorporates a number of measures on global health, which are highly relevant to the COVID-19 pandemic as well as future pandemics. These include indicators on a country’s R&D, efforts to fight antimicrobial resistance, and ability to prevent, detect, and respond to disease security threats.
This year, Sweden ranks number one in the world in its commitment to development.
“Foreign direct aid itself is an incredibly important resource for poorer nations, but good development policy and practice take into account a country’s holistic approach, ranging from how they treat migrants, encourage trade, fight climate change, and more,” said Masood Ahmed, president of CGD. “That’s the value-add of the Commitment to Development Index and why it remains an important, wide-ranging dashboard for policymakers planning future development budgets in wealthy and emerging economies alike.”
“This year we have expanded the coverage of the CDI to include the emerging donors who are an increasingly important part of global development,” Ahmed added.
Historically, the CDI focused on the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) countries and included some of the G20. In preparation for CDI 2020, CGD revised its methodology and expanded its analysis to include 40 countries engaged in substantial global development practices, including all the G20 countries and major economies from beyond the group. Given this expansion and the inclusion of emerging economies, CDI 2020 includes an “income adjusted” ranking for better comparison purposes.
“The Commitment to Development Index 2020 underscores that the policy and funding decisions of major economies within and beyond the G20, make a huge difference in the development of poorer nations,” said Ian Mitchell, senior policy fellow at CGD and the lead researcher of the CDI. “Using the CDI, one can draw clear conclusions on how policies either accelerate or inhibit development. Each country can assess its international contribution, and some countries are punching above their weight like Turkey, South Africa, and Chile, each showing development leadership in different areas.”
Main Findings of CDI 2020:
Sweden comes out on top in its commitment to development, scoring well across six out of the seven components: Its rank of first on migration includes high migrant inflows, a high level of refugees hosted, and strong domestic migrant integration policies. Sweden also comes in third on development finance, and in the top ten on trade, investment, environment, and security. In technology, it has a ways to go.
The European commitment to development remains the strongest in the world, with France, Norway, the UK, and Germany rounding out the top five.
The expansion of the CDI to include major emerging actors in the development space led to some interesting results: Chile ranks first on the environment; Turkey ranks second on migration issues; and South Africa ranks fifth on technology. Importantly, when adjusted for income South Africa ranks sixth overall in its commitment to development, with Chile at 12th.
The United States and China rank 18th and 35th, respectively. The world’s two biggest economies, while significant in dollar figures, come up short in relation to the size of their economies.
Materials and resources:
CDI 2020 Brief
Global Health Security Blog
About the Center for Global Development:
The Center for Global Development is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that works to reduce global poverty and improve lives through innovative economic research that drives better policy and practice by the world's top decision makers. https://www.cgdev.org/page/about-cgd