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Former President of Malawi
Distinguished Visiting Fellow, Center for Global Development
Mary Beth Goodman
Special Assistant to the President, Senior Director for Development, Democracy and Humanitarian Assistance, National Security Council
Please join the International Women's Health Coalition (IWHC), Center for Global Development, Girls Not Brides USA, Population Council, the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), and CARE for the 3rd Annual GIRL SUMMIT DC: "Keeping Our Promises to Adolescent Girls."
Sarah Craven, Director of the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) Washington Office, and Lyric Thompson, Policy Director for ICRW, will launch the 2016 State of the World Population Report which features 10 girls at 10 years old and examines how our future depends on girls at this decisive age.
Leading experts will have a dialogue on how current programs and policies affect the lives of adolescent girls around the world. They will look at how the global community can build on recent groundbreaking work, and discuss what the next U.S. administration needs to do.
What's Next for Programs and Research?
o Suzanne Petroni, PhD, Senior Director, Global Health, Youth and Development, ICRW
o Thoai Ngo, Deputy Director, Poverty, Gender and Youth Program, Population Council
o Doris Bartel, Director for Gender & Empowerment, CARE
o Moderator - Kakenya Ntaiya, PhD, Kakenya Center for Excellence
After Obama - What the US Still Needs to Do for Girls
o Helena Minchew, Program Officer, US Foreign Policy, IWHC, and GNB USA Co-Chair
o Caitlin Horrigan, Associate Director, Global Advocacy, Planned Parenthood Federation of America
o Andrea Bertone, PhD, Director of Gender, FHI360
o Moderator - Daniela Ligiero, PhD, CEO, Together for Girls
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.