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Launch of 1st annual Committment to Development Index
Tuesday, April 29, 2003 - 5:00pm
The Center for Global Development (CGD) and Foreign Policy Magazine (FP) launched the Commitment to Development Index. The Index rates rich countries' contributions to global development through measures of their aid, trade, migration, investment, peacekeeping, and environmental policies. The 21 OECD countries are then ranked in terms of how supportive these policies are to economic development in poor countries. The Index is designed to spark debate and additional research on how rich country policies affect the poor, to serve as a tool for influencing how these policies are designed, and to highlight the importance of policies other than aid - and their often unintended implications for development.
The April 29 event included a review of the results and country rankings of the Index. In addition, a roundtable discussion entitled Commitment to Development: Policy Coherence in Action, brought together current and former policy makers and advocates from both OECD and developing countries to discuss how various policies interact to affect the prospects for development of poor countries, and how to improve coordination between policy areas so as to be more effective and efficient in supporting global development.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.
AidEx is a two day event, which encompasses a conference, exhibition, meeting areas, awards and workshops. Its fundamental aim is to engage the sector at every level and provide a forum for aid & development professionals to meet, source, supply and learn. AidEx was created to help the international aid and development community engage the private sector in a neutral setting, drive innovation and support the ever-growing need for emergency aid and development programmes.